Archive of Celtic-Latin Literature Online Contains over 400 works of Celtic-Latin literature of the patristic and medieval periods (ca. 400 A.D.-1200 A.D.). Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users.....more.
Aristoteles Latinus Database This database brings together all the critical editions of all medieval Greek-Latin translations of Aristotle. Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Database of Latin Dictionaries Search three kinds of Latin dictionaries: from Latin to modern languages, semantic and etymological explanations in Latin, and historical Latin dictionaries. Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
In Principio In Principio is an index of approximately 1,000,000 incipits (first few words of text) of Medieval and Renaissance Latin manuscripts....more.
Index Religiosus Search over 500,000 bibliographic records and over 100,000 book review records covering theology, church history, and religious studies....more.
International Medieval Bibliography (IMB) 1967-present. Indexes articles and review articles from about 4,500 journals, essays from Festschriften, conference proceedings, etc., covering the European Middle Ages (c. 400-1500)....more.
Library of Latin Texts - Series A Contains a diverse range of Latin works from Antiquity, the Church fathers, and the medieval and modern periods. Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Library of Latin Texts - Series B Contains Latin texts of all genres and all periods. The data are therefore very diverse. Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Monumenta Germaniae Historica Online "A [growing] corpus of historical works, charters, legal texts, letters, political texts, and literature from the European Middle Ages." (subtitle of database) Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Vetus Latina Database This database is a collection of several hundred thousand citations of Old Latin (pre-Vulgate) versions of the Bible taken from patristic writings and initially recorded on file cards in the late 19th century....more.
Academic Search Complete This multidisciplinary and multi-format database indexes and abstracts over 13,700 publications including more than 9,000 periodicals containing some full text. Over 7,800 of the journals are peer-reviewed....more.
AgeLine Database This database focuses exclusively on those 50+. Materials indexed and abstracted include journal articles, books and book chapters, government documents, and reports about aging and middle age....more.
American Doctoral Dissertations 1902-present. This freely available database was enhanced in 2017 to include not only pdf pages from the original, Doctoral Dissertations Accepted by American Universities 1933-1955, but also earlier and current citations....more.
Anthropology Plus Search the most comprehensive index to anthropology literature. It brings together the Anthropological Index (AI) and Anthropological Literature....more.
Art Full Text Includes journal articles, yearbooks, and museum bulletins covering every type of art including advertising, antiques, history, computer art, graphic arts, and more. ...more.
ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials Indexes journal articles, and book reviews from ca. 600 journals, some as far back as the late 19th century, and essays in books from 1960-present. Articles available in over 200 theology journals are linked to their full text....more.
Bibliography of Asian Studies 1970-present. Search for journal articles, books, and chapters in edited books for information about the culture and civilizations in East, Southeast, and South Asia....more.
Biography Reference Center Contains over 430,000 full-text biographies drawn from the complete full-text run of Biography Today and Biography. Additional biographies are drawn from major biographical sources such as theAmerican National Biography....more.
Book Collections: Nonfiction: K-12 A combination of EBSCOhost's nonfiction K-12 ebook collections provides access to over 4,500 nonfiction, full-text books, many from series, with abstracts and searchable full text....more.
Business Source Premier Search over 6,000 business-related journals and magazines as far back as 1963, along with company profiles, industry reports, and market research reports. Includes the Harvard Business Review....more.
Catholic Periodical and Literature Index Indexes articles (currently 190+ journals), reviews (movie, theatre, book), interviews, church and papal documents dealing with the practices of Catholic faith and lifestyle. For records prior to 1981, consult the printed index....more.
Consumer Health Complete 1992-present. Provides full-text, consumer-oriented health information covering mainstream, alternative, and holistic medicine on many topics....more.
Criminal Justice Abstracts Search for topics such as criminal justice, criminal law, corrections, prisons, police, policing, and more from important criminal justice magazines and journals....more.
DynaMed Plus Contains clinically-oriented, evidence-based summaries for almost 2,000 topics for point-of-care use by physicians, medical students, nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists and other health care professionals....more.
eBook Collections (EBSCOhost) Search all EBSCOhost ebooks to which the SLU Libraries have access through purchase or subscription. Most have multiple simultaneous users and cover disciplines commonly found in colleges and universities....more.
EconLit Locate articles including empirical studies, book chapters, working papers, and more in this major index covering topics in economics. There are four simultaneous users for this database....more.
Education Source This major education database indexes and abstracts thousands of journal articles and hundreds of books relating to all aspects of education from pre-K through higher education....more.
Environment Complete Search international journal/magazine articles for information on agriculture, ecosystem ecology, energy, environmental technology, natural resources, pollution & waste management, urban planning, and more....more.
ERIC (EBSCOhost) 1966-present. A major education database for locating articles, technical reports, policy papers, curriculum guides, lesson plans, research reports, and more about all levels of education....more.
European Views of the Americas: 1493-1750 Guide to printed records about the Americas written in Europe before 1750. Topics include European exploration, disease outbreaks, slavery, and portrayals of native American peoples....more.
Fuente Academica Search over 500 publications from Latin America, Spain, and Portugal. Topics covered include agriculture, biological sciences, economics, history, law, literature, psychology, public administration, religion, and more....more.
Global Health This international public health database brings together content from several sources to cover developed and developing countries on topics of concern to public health....more.
GreenFILE Search articles from scholarly and general interest periodicals and government documents for connections between agriculture, education, law, health and technology and humans' impact on the environment. ...more.
Historical Abstracts 1450-present. Covers the world's scholarly literature on the history of the world, except the United States and Canada....more.
Humanities International Complete 1980s-present. Search indexing and abstracts for over 2,300 humanities-related journals, books, and reference sources along with the full text for over 1,200 titles....more.
Index to Legal Periodicals & Books Full Text 1981-present. Search scholarly articles from over 600 legal periodicals in addition to symposia, jurisdictional surveys, court decisions, legislation, books, book reviews, and more. Courtesy of the Vincent C. Immel Law Library....more.
L'Année philologique Search the digital version of all volumes of the annual index for the print L'Annee philologique for scholarly works that relate to all aspects of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations....more.
MAS Ultra - School Edition Teacher and High School Student Resource. 1975-present. Indexes and abstracts almost 600 periodicals for high school students as well as primary source documents, some reference books, and an image collection....more.
MasterFILE Premier 1975-present. Search indexing, abstracts, and some full text for over 2,600 periodicals targeted to public library users. Also includes photographs, maps, flags, primary source documents, and some full-text books....more.
MEDLINE (EBSCOhost) 1946-present. Search citations from over 5,600 biomedical journals. Topics covered include medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and pre-medical sciences....more.
Mental Measurements Yearbook with Tests in Print This combined database is an essential resource for test reviews from the 1st edition to present in MMY along with current availability information for publishers' tests in TIP. There are 4 simultaneous users for this database....more.
Middle Search Plus Teacher and Middle School Resource. Search over 160 full-text periodicals; thousands of photographs, maps, and flags; full-text biographies; and primary source documents on typical middle school topics....more.
MLA Directory of Periodicals This directory lists information for over 6,000 journals and book series indexed by the MLA International Bibliography that covers literature, linguistics, and folklore....more.
MLA International Bibliography Search titles and indexing for books, book chapters, dissertations and articles from over 6,000 journals and book series in language, linguistics, literature, and folklore....more.
Newspaper Source Search the full text for over 40 national and international newspapers, including The Washington Post and The Times (London) along with selected full text for 330+ U.S. regional newspapers....more.
Philosopher's Index Indexes and partially abstracts journal articles drawn from over 1,600 journals and book reviews, essays from books, and monographs in philosophy and related fields....more.
Primary Search Teacher and Elementary Student Resource. Search full text for over 80 magazines in addition to an encyclopedia, a children's dictionary, and over a million images including photographs, maps, and flags....more.
PsycARTICLES (EBSCOhost) Search the full-text of all American Psychological Association and affiliated journals from their initial volumes to the present. ...more.
Public Affairs Index Search indexing and abstracts for public affairs topics such as banking & public finance, criminal justice, education, emigration & immigration, environment, natural disasters, poverty, and politics & elections....more.
Regional Business News Indexes over 200 publications containing regional business information for the United States and Canada. Resources include newspapers, radio & TV news transcripts, trade publications, magazines and newswires....more.
Science Reference Center Locate full-text, science-oriented content and images from hundreds of periodicals, science encyclopedias, and reference books on topics such as biology, chemistry, earth science, aviation, the environment, physics, and more....more.
Social Work Abstracts Indexes and abstracts articles in over 850 social work and related human services journals as well as books and dissertations. This database has 8 simultaneous users....more.
SportDiscus with Full Text Search the primary database for information on sport, sports medicine, physical education, coaching, sport administration, sport law & legislation, and more. This database has 1 simultaneous user....more.
Teacher Reference Center Search approximately 280 education-focused, professional and peer-reviewed publications for articles on all aspects and levels of education....more.
Women's Studies International This combined women's studies database covers sociology, history, political science & economy, public policy, international relations, arts & humanities, business, and education as related to women's issues....more.
ClinicalKey Brings together many types of resources from Elsevier. Includes over 1,500 medical and surgical reference books, over 800 medical and surgical journals, point-of-care clinical monographs, drug monographs, and more....more.
Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics 2nd edition, 2012. A multidisciplinary encyclopedia, written by experts in their fields, both practical and academic, covering historical, contemporary, and practical ethics....more.
Scopus Search one of the largest abstract and citation databases for materials on science, engineering, technology, and medicine along with some social sciences and humanities....more.
Social Science Research Network (SSRN) An open access digital repository for eprint scholarly working papers with a number of research networks. Search the Abstract Database or browse by network such as law, business, humanities, and more....more.
19th Century U.S. Newspapers Provides access to approximately 1.7 million pages (over 28 million articles) of primary source newspapers published in the 19th century, which include newspapers from cities and rural areas throughout the United States....more.
Archives Unbound: All Subscribed Collections Archives Unbound consists of discrete, topically-focused digital collections of historical documents. SLU currently subscribes to seven collections covering aspects of African American history, the Holocaust, and women....more.
Archives Unbound: Republic of New Afrika 1968-1980. Search or browse materials documenting The Republic of New Afrika (RNA), whose main objectives were to create an independent Black majority country and get reparations for injustices suffered by African Americans....more.
Business Insights: Essentials Search articles from business and trade publications, SWOT reports, market share, company histories, company financial statements, investment reports, brief industry profiles, and more....more.
Business Plans Handbook This growing collection of business plans is written by and for entrepreneurs who need funding for proposed businesses in North America....more.
College Blue Book Search across several editions of the College Blue Book, an important source for information about colleges and universities, including degrees offered....more.
Economist Historical Archive 1843-2014 Search over 160 years of this digital archive by keyword or browse by date. All articles, financial tables (that are also exportable), special reports, surveys, and advertising are searchable....more.
Eighteenth Century Collections Online Search the full-text of over 182,000 English-language titles published 1701 to 1800 for subjects such as English literature, history, philosophy, linguistics, theology, music, fine arts, education, mathematics, and science....more.
Gale Literary Sources Use this platform to cross-search all of SLU’s Gale literary databases and eBook titles. Research authors, their works, and literary movements and access full-text literary works, journal articles, literature criticism, and reviews. ...more.
Gale Primary Sources Experience Artemis, the search platform that allows searching many Gale digital collections together such as NCCO, ECCO, The Times Digital Archive, and The Making of Modern Law....more.
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL) A growing collection of reference books that are searchable together or title by title. Subjects include history, philosophy, religion, science, business, careers, literature, law, medicine, education, and more....more.
Gale's Literary Index Use this index to locate Gale literary reference books that have information on a specific work or author. Pius Library owns many of the sources indexed in print or online....more.
Literature Criticism Online Locate literary criticism and some author biographical information by searching across nine major Gale-Cengage Literary Criticism sets....more.
Literature Resource Center Find up-to-date biographical information, overviews, full-text literary criticism and reviews on nearly 130,000 writers in all disciplines, from all time periods and from around the world. ...more.
LitFinder Literary works and secondary-source materials covering world literature and authors throughout history. ...more.
Making of Modern Law: Trials, 1600-1926 Provides trial books from many countries and in many languages although most are in English and published in Great Britain or the U.S. The content describes courtroom dramas that scandalized society....more.
Nineteenth Century Collections Online Collection of primary source materials created during the "long nineteenth century" (late 1700s to early 1900s). Includes books, periodicals, diaries, letters, photographs, maps, sheet music, and more....more.
Nineteenth Century U.S. Newspapers Provides access to approximately 1.7 million pages (over 28 million articles) of primary source newspapers published in the 19th century, which include newspapers from cities and rural areas throughout the United States....more.
Opposing Viewpoints in Context Provides pro-con resources for topics in the media by including the Opposing Viewpoints book series; journal, magazine, and newspaper articles; statistics; and more....more.
The Times Digital Archive Search the first 200 years of The Times (London) and display and print page images of individual articles or an entire page....more.
LexisNexis Academic Provides access to full-text of local, national, and international news sources; business, financial, and company information; and current and historical court cases. Click Nexis Uni for new interphase....more.
LexisNexis for Law Students A legal database containing federal and state cases, statutes, regulations, international materials, and a variety of secondary resources. Law Students only. ...more.
Nexis Uni Formerly LexisNexis Academic, Nexis Uni provides access to full-text of local, national, and international news sources; business, financial, and company information; legal sources for state and federal levels....more.
MedlinePlus Find high quality health information from reliable sources in English and Spanish for over 900 diseases along with a medical encyclopedia; a medical dictionary; prescription and nonprescription drugs; and more....more.
TOXNET Search across all government databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic releases....more.
Books@Ovid Currently contains 154 major clinical textbooks covering over 33 medical specialties....more.
HealthStar/Ovid HealthStar (1966 - Present) Search for information about the business of health care for topics such as hospitals, patient outcomes evaluation, health policy, health insurance, health technology, and health administration for the dates indicated....more.
HealthStar/Ovid HealthStar (1966-1998) Search for information about the business of health care for topics such as hospitals, patient outcomes evaluation, health policy, health insurance, health technology, and health administration for the dates indicated....more.
HealthStar/Ovid HealthStar (1999 - Present) Search for information about the business of health care for topics such as hospitals, patient outcomes evaluation, health policy, health insurance, health technology, and health administration for the dates indicated....more.
Journals@Ovid Indexes and abstracts all Journals@Ovid. View tables of contents and abstracts for each. Full text is available for journals found in Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Total Access Collection plus some individually selected titles....more.
MEDLINE® (1946 - 1995) Ovid. Search the international literature on bio-medicine, including allied health fields, communication disorders, biological and physical sciences, and humanities as they relate to medicine and health care for dates given....more.
MEDLINE® (1946 - Present) Ovid. Search the international literature on bio-medicine, including allied health fields, communication disorders, biological and physical sciences, and humanities as they relate to medicine and health care for dates given....more.
MEDLINE® (1996 - Present) Ovid. Search the international literature on bio-medicine, including allied health fields, communication disorders, biological and physical sciences, and humanities as they relate to medicine and health care for dates given....more.
MEDLINE® In-Process Ovid. The National Library of Medicine's in-process database for MEDLINE. It provides basic information and abstracts for journal articles or other items before they are assigned MeSH heading(s)....more.
OLDMEDLINE® Produced by the U.S. National Library of Medicine, this database consists of bibliographic records originally published in the print Index Medicus, from 1948-1965....more.
American National Biography (ANB) Find biographies of over 19,000 deceased men and women who made significant contributions to building the United States.
There is 1 simultaneous user for this database.....more.
Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences Provides definitions for topics such as geology, oceanography, paleontology, minerology, volcanology, and planetary science as well as climatology, geochemistry, petrology, and process geomorphology....more.
Encyclopedia of Social Work Continuously updated, this covers all aspects of social work world-wide including managed care, faith-based assistance, gerontology, and evidence-based practice....more.
Oxford Art Online Search the online counterpart of the 34-volume Dictionary of Art (1996). To see other reference works included, click the "more" link. This database has 4-5 simultaneous users.....more.
Oxford Companion to the Earth Covers all aspects of geology including climatology, mineralogy, and oceanography in addition to dinosaur hunters, fossils, and biographies of key people....more.
Oxford Dictionaries Online Provides access to Oxford's unabridged bilingual dictionaries in French, Spanish, German, Italian, Chinese, and Russian. Note: This database has 2-3 simultaneous users....more.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) Locate biographies with images (in some cases) of deceased persons worldwide who helped shape British history and culture from the fourth century BC to 2012. Note: This database has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Oxford Music Online Search several music reference sources from Oxford for information about jazz, opera, American music, and more. Note: This database has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Oxford University Press Journals Search across all of Oxford University Press journals. Full text access is available for the titles to which Saint Louis University subscribes, primarily 1996 to present....more.
Oxford University Press
Oxford Bibliographies (Selected) Each of the four bibliographies available has a minimum of 50 articles on various themes and topics in that field to provide an authoritative guide to the literature....more.
Oxford Bibliographies: American Literature Contains 130 articles on various themes and topics in American literature, each written by a scholar in the field to provide reliable, selective, and authoritative resources to help locate the best sources in that area....more.
Oxford Bibliographies: British and Irish Literature Contains almost 110 articles on various themes and topics in British and Irish literature, each written by a scholar in the field to provide reliable, selective, and authoritative resources to help locate the best sources in that area....more.
Oxford Bibliographies: Education Contains almost 150 articles on various themes and topics in education, each written by a scholar in the field to provide reliable, selective, and authoritative resources to help locate the best sources in that area....more.
Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies Contains almost 190 articles on various themes and topics in medieval studies, each written by a scholar in the field to provide reliable, selective, and authoritative resources to help locate the best sources in that area....more.
Social Explorer Provides easy mapping and report creation functions for U.S. Census data on population and housing, as well as statistics on religion, crime, health; census data from Canada and the UK; and European Union sttistics....more.
ABI/INFORM Collection Search thousands of journals, trade publications, and regional and local business publications in all areas of business and management, many with an international focus....more.
Bibliografia de la Literatura Española 1980-present. Search over 100,000 entries on topics in Spanish literature such as literary theory, genres, popular literature, Hispanism, and authors as well as editions and translations of the works....more.
Dissertations & Theses Global 1637-present. Replaces Dissertations & Theses Full Text by including everything in that database plus a growing collection of dissertations and masters theses from international universities and associations. Full text is primarily 1996-present....more.
Dissertations @ Saint Louis University Search only dissertations and some theses completed at Saint Louis University that are indexed in ProQuest's Dissertations & Theses database. Titles from 1996 and later usually have full text available along with some others from 1933 forward....more.
Ebook Central (ProQuest) With over 654 titles, this collection of ebooks contains monographs, encyclopedias, and many medical books. Most Ebook Central titles are single user....more.
HeritageQuest Online Access American genealogical sources rich in unique primary sources, local and family histories, and finding aids....more.
PAIS International 1972-present. This database indexes journal articles, conference proceedings, book chapters and more on political science, public administration, economics, law, and topics that are or may become subjects of legislation....more.
Periodicals Archive Online (PAO) 19th cent. (start date varies by title)-2000. This database complements Periodicals Index Online by providing full text for many journals in the humanities and social sciences indexed in PIO....more.
Periodicals Index Online (PIO) 1665-2005. Provides indexing for magazines and journals back to 1665. This database pairs with Periodicals Archive Online (PAO) for its available full text in the social sciences and humanities....more.
ProQuest Congressional Congressional materials indexed (including selected full text) include all types of U.S. legislative information such as Congressional Hearings (1824-present) and Congressional Research Services (CRS) Reports....more.
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global 1637-present. Replaces PQ Dissertations & Theses Full Text by adding a growing collection of dissertations and masters theses from international universities and associations. Full text is primarily 1996-present with some earlier....more.
ProQuest Historical Newspapers Search across all of SLU's subscribed ProQuest Historical Newspapers: Chicago Tribune, Chicago Defender, New York Times, and St. Louis Post-Dispatch....more.
ProQuest Legislative Insight Provides comprehensive legislative histories for U.S. Public Laws consisting of searchable PDFs of the law itself, all versions of related bills, Congressional Record excerpts, committee hearings, reports, prints, and more for each law....more.
ProQuest Regulatory Insight 1936-2016 when complete. Initially includes 2001-2015 for regulatory histories associated with public laws, executive orders, and departments and agencies....more.
Social Services Abstracts Indexes and abstracts articles from over 1,400 journals and magazines in the social services in addition to social work dissertations....more.
Sociological Abstracts 1952-present. Abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related social and behavioral science disciplines. Covers journals, book, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers....more.
Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition) 1984-present. Search "the financial newspaper of record" that "offers in-depth coverage of national and international finance as well as first rate coverage of hard news." (text from site)...more.
Worldwide Political Science Abstracts 1975-present. Find articles covering international issues in political science and related fields such as international relations, law, public administration, and public policy....more.
InCites Journal Citation Reports 2005-current. IJCR allows evaluation and comparison of over 10,800 journals in science, technology, and the social sciences with respect to their importance in specific disciplines....more.
Journal Citation Reports (JCR) 2005-current. JCR allows evaluation and comparison of over 10,800 journals in science, technology, and the social sciences with respect to their importance in specific disciplines....more.
Science Citation Index Expanded 1990-present. Provides author and subject indexing for articles published worldwide in science journals. It supports citation indexing. Part of Web of Science....more.
Social Sciences Citation Index 1990-present. Search by topic in peer-reviewed social science journals or do a cited reference search by cited author, cited article, and more. One of three databases that make up Web of Science....more.
Thomson Reuters Checkpoint Includes the law, analysis, and commentary on the rules dealing with retirement plans, non-pension employee benefits, and executive compensation. Also provides access to federal, state, and some international tax materials.
Web of Science 1990-present. Brings together Arts & Humanities Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index, and Science Citation Index Expanded. Search thousands of research journals by topic or do a Citied Reference search....more.
Westlaw for Law Students A major online legal research service with access to statutes, court cases, and other legal resources.
SLU Law Students only. Individual username & password required....more.
COMPUSTAT North America Available in WRDS. Contains fundamental financial, statistical, and market data of more than 10,300 active and 8,600 inactive U.S. and Canadian public companies trading in U.S. and Canadian stock exchanges....more.
CRSP Accessed through WRDS. CRSP Stock Database Files provide historical stock price data from the NYSE (1925- ), AMEX (1962- ), and Nasdaq (1972- ). Individual username and password required - SLU only....more.
CRSP/Compustat Merged Database Log into WRDS. Select CRSP from the left-hand navigation, then CRSP/Compustat Merged. Individual username and password required - SLU only....more.
NYSE Trade and Quote Database (TAQ) 2001-present, daily data from 2014 forward. Available via WRDS, the TAQ database contains intraday transactions data (trades and quotes) for all securities listed on various exchanges....more.
WRDS (Wharton Research Data Services) Access CRSP, CRSP Annual Indexes, Compustat, CRSP/Compustat Merged, NYSE TAQ, Audit Analytics Audit and Compliance, and Mergent FISD Database. SLU Faculty, PhD students and full-time MBA students are eligible for individual accounts....more.
Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering 2010. Topics covered include mechanics, propulsion, guidance and control, electronics and instrumentation, communications, computer science, systems engineering, fabrication and manufacturing, and more....more.
Encyclopedia of Peace Psychology 2012. Search this cross-disciplinary work for articles focusing on psychological analyses and perspectives on peace and conflict for topics such as genocide, hate crimes, torture, terrorism, racism, and child abuse....more.
Encyclopedia of Special Education Includes topics related to special education such as technology, service delivery policies, positive behavioral interventions, frequently used assessment instruments, and much more....more.
Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials 12th edition. A primary source for information needed to evaluate the hazardous potential of substances used in commerce such as data on toxicology, flammability, reactivity, explosive potential, and regulatory information....more.
Wiley Online Library Browse or search across over 1,000 journal titles generally from 1996 or 1997 to present and several online encyclopedias covering life science, management, and some technology....more.