19th Century U.S. Newspapers Provides access to approximately 1.7 million pages (over 28 million articles) of primary source newspapers published in the 19th century, which include newspapers from cities and rural areas throughout the United States....more.
Abbreviationes Online Search 70,000 entries with 80,098 references to abbreviations in manuscripts found in libraries with both large and small. Available at Workstation C in the Pius Library iCommons....more.
ABI/INFORM Collection Search thousands of journals, trade publications, and regional and local business publications in all areas of business and management, many with an international focus....more.
Academic OneFile Provides millions of articles from over 17,000 scholarly journals and other authoritative sources—including thousands of podcasts and transcripts from NPR and CNN as well as videos from BBC Worldwide Learning....more.
Academic Search Complete This multidisciplinary and multi-format database indexes and abstracts over 13,700 publications including more than 9,000 periodicals containing some full text. Over 7,800 of the journals are peer-reviewed....more.
Accessible Archives Search primary source content from American history and culture such as African American Newspapers, Godey’s Lady Book, and the Pennsylvania Gazette....more.
AccessMedicine This resource provides access to the most recent editions of many medical reference books....more.
ACM Digital Library Search the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Digital Library for citations and full text for articles from ACM journals, newsletters, and conference proceedings providing information in the computer sciences....more.
AdForum Includes directories of advertising and marketing agencies, a searchable library of commercials and ad campaigns, advertising awards information, job resources, advertising and marketing blogs, and more....more.
AgeLine Database This database focuses exclusively on those 50+. Materials indexed and abstracted include journal articles, books and book chapters, government documents, and reports about aging and middle age....more.
AGRICOLA Search the National Library of Agriculture Catalog for books and articles on all aspects of farming, agriculture, and allied disciplines....more.
American City Business Journals Local business news and information from 40 major metropolitan cities across the country. Select a city in the drop-down under Read the Current Weekly Edition....more.
American Doctoral Dissertations 1902-present. This freely available database was enhanced in 2017 to include not only pdf pages from the original, Doctoral Dissertations Accepted by American Universities 1933-1955, but also earlier and current citations....more.
American National Biography (ANB) Find biographies of over 19,000 deceased men and women who made significant contributions to building the United States.
There is 1 simultaneous user for this database.....more.
American Slavery Collection, 1820-1922 This archival collection contains over 3,500 primary source American slavery and abolition materials in the form of books, pamphlets, graphs, and ephemera in full color....more.
American State Papers United States legislative and executive documents, 1789-1838, published in the second to third quarters of the 19th Century....more.
Annual Reviews Search all Annual Reviews or browse tables of contents by title and year. Coverage includes the Biomedical Sciences, Physical Sciences, and the Social Sciences....more.
Anthropology Plus Search the most comprehensive index to anthropology literature. It brings together the Anthropological Index (AI) and Anthropological Literature....more.
Apartheid: Global Perspectives, 1946-1996 From the Archives of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, this resource is a digitized collection of primary source materials related to apartheid and its impact on South Africa and the world....more.
Archive of Celtic-Latin Literature Online Contains over 400 works of Celtic-Latin literature of the patristic and medieval periods (ca. 400 A.D.-1200 A.D.). Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users.....more.
Archives Unbound: All Subscribed Collections Archives Unbound consists of discrete, topically-focused digital collections of historical documents. SLU currently subscribes to seven collections covering aspects of African American history, the Holocaust, and women....more.
Archives Unbound: Republic of New Afrika 1968-1980. Search or browse materials documenting The Republic of New Afrika (RNA), whose main objectives were to create an independent Black majority country and get reparations for injustices suffered by African Americans....more.
Aristoteles Latinus Database This database brings together all the critical editions of all medieval Greek-Latin translations of Aristotle. Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Art Full Text Includes journal articles, yearbooks, and museum bulletins covering every type of art including advertising, antiques, history, computer art, graphic arts, and more. ...more.
ARTFL Project FRANTEXT, the main database, includes 1,880 French texts from the 12th-20th centuries. Other parts include French Women Writers, Provencal Poetry, and more....more.
Arts & Humanities Citation Index Provides author, subject, and citation indexing for articles published in arts and humanities journals. Citation indexing establishes links between cited articles and the most recent publications in which they are cited....more.
ASCE Library Provides indexing and full-text access for journals published by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)....more.
ASME Digital Collection Indexes ASME's Transaction Journals (1960-present), Conference Proceedings (2002-present), and selected ebooks (1993-present). SLU subscribes to only a few of the titles indexed.....more.
ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials PLUS Produced by the American Theological Library Association, this database currently indexes journal articles and book reviews from ca. 2,250 journals (ca. 960 of which are current), some as far back as the late 19th century, and essays in books from 1960- . Full text of ca. 470 journals available....more.
Australian National Biography Online Australia's national biography currently has over 12,000 articles about people and groups of people who made significant contributions to its history or the Australian experience. All subjects are deceased as of the 1990s....more.
Aviation Week Intelligence Network (AWIN) 1997-present. Browse any of the publications marked by a green checkmark, in the left-hand navigation column by clicking on the title. Use the quick search box or the Advanced Search to search all publications....more.
Bibliografia de la Literatura Española 1980-present. Search over 100,000 entries on topics in Spanish literature such as literary theory, genres, popular literature, Hispanism, and authors as well as editions and translations of the works....more.
Bibliography of Asian Studies 1970-present. Search for journal articles, books, and chapters in edited books for information about the culture and civilizations in East, Southeast, and South Asia....more.
Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon Click on Zugang für Bibliotheken button to begin searching this standard German-language biographical dictionary for theology and church history; covers personalities from the Early Christian era to the present day....more.
Biography in Context Includes more than 650,000 biographical entries covering international figures from all time periods and areas of study....more.
Biography Reference Center Contains over 430,000 full-text biographies drawn from the complete full-text run of Biography Today and Biography. Additional biographies are drawn from major biographical sources such as theAmerican National Biography....more.
BioMed Central (BMC) Publishes peer-reviewed, open-access journals in all areas of the biological sciences and medicine....more.
BioOne Complete Search across 200+ high-impact biological, ecological, and environmental science research journals and other publications in the former BioOne.1, BioOne.2, and OpenAccess Collections....more.
BizMiner Bizminer offers industry financial analysis benchmarks for over 5,000 lines of business and industry market trends on thousands more....more.
Bloomberg Professional Service Provides financial, economic and government information and data covering all market sectors. Twelve Bloomberg terminals are now located in the Edward Jones Data Analytics Lab in the Richard A. Chaifetz School of Business. These terminals can be used by any current SLU student, faculty or staff member....more.
BNA All Databases Provides news and analysis on significant developments, trends and interpretations of judicial, legislative, administrative and enforcement actions at the state, federal and international levels. In Law School only....more.
BoardVitals Nursing Exam Prep Tool Contains exam questions with explanations for the NCLEX RN, NCLEX PN, CCRN, AANP Family Nurse Practitioner, ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner and Psychiatric-Mental Health NP Board Exams....more.
Book Collections: Nonfiction: K-12 A combination of EBSCOhost's nonfiction K-12 ebook collections provides access to over 4,500 nonfiction, full-text books, many from series, with abstracts and searchable full text....more.
Book Review Index Plus This databases brings together over 5.5 million book review references in one place, making them easily searchable. Links to full-text reviews when avialable....more.
Books@Ovid Currently contains 154 major clinical textbooks covering over 33 medical specialties....more.
Boston College Jesuit Bibliography 2011-present. Search or browse this online-only bibliography covering books, book chapters, book reviews, and journal articles related to all aspects of Jesuit Studies....more.
British National Bibliography Contains entries for trade books, serials, and electronic publications published in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland and other legal deposit national and university libraries in the British Isles....more.
Business Insights: Global Covers all areas of business, including marketing, accounting, finance and management. News articles, market research reports, industry and company profiles....more.
Business Plans Handbook This growing collection of business plans is written by and for entrepreneurs who need funding for proposed businesses in North America....more.
Business Source Premier Search over 6,000 business-related journals and magazines as far back as 1963, along with company profiles, industry reports, and market research reports. Includes the Harvard Business Review....more.
Catalog of Nonprofit Literature Searchable database of articles about nonprofit organizations. Topics include fundraising, proposal development, charitable giving, the workings of company-sponsored foundations and corporate giving, and more....more.
Catholic Periodical and Literature Index The Catholic Periodical & Literature Index has been merged into the ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials PLUS and is no longer available as a standalone database....more.
ChemSpider This is a freely available chemical structure database providing fast text and structure search access to over 63 million structures (and growing) from hundreds of data sources....more.
Choice Reviews September 1988-present. Search or browse for thousands of evaluative book reviews in your subject area and look over various book lists....more.
Chronicle of Higher Education Keep up-to-date with higher education's number one source for news and information. Content is available to all Saint Louis University faculty, staff, and students....more.
CIAO: Columbia International Affairs Online 1991-present. Excellent source for theory and research in international affairs. Includes scholarly journal articles, policy briefs, conference proceedings, working papers from university research institutes, videos, and more....more.
ClinicalKey Brings together many types of resources from Elsevier. Includes over 1,500 medical and surgical reference books, over 800 medical and surgical journals, point-of-care clinical monographs, drug monographs, and more....more.
COMPUSTAT North America Available in WRDS. Contains fundamental financial, statistical, and market data of more than 10,300 active and 8,600 inactive U.S. and Canadian public companies trading in U.S. and Canadian stock exchanges....more.
Conference Board Contains the latest research in business management and US and global economics. ...more.
Congress.gov Congress.gov is now the official site for federal legislative information from the U.S. Congress and related agencies....more.
Consumer Health Complete 1992-present. Provides full-text, consumer-oriented health information covering mainstream, alternative, and holistic medicine on many topics....more.
CQ Researcher Each issue of this resource explores all sides of a "hot" current topic in some depth. Use it to find research topic ideas, refine a topic, or get background information on a topic....more.
CRC Handbook of Chemistry & Physics This is a primary resource for current and authoritative chemical data for the properties of organic and inorganic compounds, and much more.
This database has 2 simultaneous users.....more.
Criminal Justice Abstracts Search for topics such as criminal justice, criminal law, corrections, prisons, police, policing, and more from important criminal justice magazines and journals....more.
CRSP Accessed through WRDS. CRSP Stock Database Files provide historical stock price data from the NYSE (1925- ), AMEX (1962- ), and Nasdaq (1972- ). Individual username and password required - SLU only....more.
CRSP/Compustat Merged Database Log into WRDS. Select CRSP from the left-hand navigation, then CRSP/Compustat Merged. Individual username and password required - SLU only....more.
Database of Latin Dictionaries Search three kinds of Latin dictionaries: from Latin to modern languages, semantic and etymological explanations in Latin, and historical Latin dictionaries. Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online Find information about Canadians and others who made significant contributions to Canadian history and culture and who either died between 1000 and 2000 or whose last activity occurred then....more.
Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences Provides definitions for topics such as geology, oceanography, paleontology, minerology, volcanology, and planetary science as well as climatology, geochemistry, petrology, and process geomorphology....more.
Dictionary of Irish Biography Provides over 9,000 biographies for Irish persons who made contributions to Ireland or elsewhere, along with persons from other nations who made contributions to Ireland....more.
Dictionary of Old English A to H Online This dictionary defines the vocabulary of the first six centuries (600-1150 A.D.) of the English language for letters A through H. Links to the Oxford English Dictionary where appropriate....more.
Dictionary of Old English Web Corpus Consists of 3, 037 texts, which makeup the "complete record of surviving Old English except for some variant manuscripts of individual texts." (text from site 10/06/09)....more.
Digital Scriptorium This resource is a "growing image database of medieval and renaissance manuscripts that unites scattered resources from many institutions into an international tool for teaching and scholarly research." (text from site 12/12/2014)...more.
DigitalTheatre+ Ground-breaking classic contemporary performances from some of the greatest performers and practitioners in the history of theatre....more.
Dissertations & Theses Global 1637-present. Replaces Dissertations & Theses Full Text by including everything in that database plus a growing collection of dissertations and masters theses from international universities and associations. Full text is primarily 1996-present....more.
Dissertations @ Saint Louis University Search only dissertations and some theses completed at Saint Louis University that are indexed in ProQuest's Dissertations & Theses database. Titles from 1996 and later usually have full text available along with some others from 1933 forward....more.
DOAJ: Directory of Open Access Journals This ejournal directory tries to comprehensively list all open access scientific and scholarly journals that use some type of quality control system to guarantee accuracy of content....more.
Doing Business (World Bank) Started in 2002, this project provides objective measures of business regulations and their enforcement across 190 economies and selected cities at the subnational and regional level....more.
DSM Legacy: Previous Editions of DSM Provides access to all previous editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the DSM-I through DSM-IV-TR in pdf. Each edition downloads as a whole book....more.
DSM Library This is the newest edition (5th) of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, pdf copies of DSM I through DSM IV-TR, and related books....more.
DTIC (Defense Technical Information Center) Search thousands of references to unclassified documents that have been entered into the DTIC's Technical Reports Collection, as well as the electronic full-text of many of these documents....more.
DynaMed Plus Contains clinically-oriented, evidence-based summaries for almost 2,000 topics for point-of-care use by physicians, medical students, nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists and other health care professionals....more.
Early English Books Online Contains digital facsimile page images of virtually every work printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and British North America and works in English printed elsewhere from 1473-1700, including early Shakespeare works....more.
Ebook Central (ProQuest) With over 654 titles, this collection of ebooks contains monographs, encyclopedias, and many medical books. Most Ebook Central titles are single user....more.
eBook Collections (EBSCOhost) Search all EBSCOhost ebooks to which the SLU Libraries have access through purchase or subscription. Most have multiple simultaneous users and cover disciplines commonly found in colleges and universities....more.
EconLit Locate articles including empirical studies, book chapters, working papers, and more in this major index covering topics in economics. There are four simultaneous users for this database....more.
Economist Historical Archive 1843-2014 Search over 160 years of this digital archive by keyword or browse by date. All articles, financial tables (that are also exportable), special reports, surveys, and advertising are searchable....more.
Edmund Spenser World Bibliography Search bibliographies, abstracts, and reviews printed in Spenser Newsletter and Spenser Review. Sponsored by the English Department and Center for Medieval & Renaissance Studies at Saint Louis University....more.
Education Source This major education database indexes and abstracts thousands of journal articles and hundreds of books relating to all aspects of education from pre-K through higher education....more.
Education Week Education Week is a collocation of news materials on education in the United States....more.
Eighteenth Century Collections Online Search the full-text of over 182,000 English-language titles published 1701 to 1800 for subjects such as English literature, history, philosophy, linguistics, theology, music, fine arts, education, mathematics, and science....more.
Emerald Insight Search a collection of electronic journals in the areas of management, library and information science, engineering, aviation, applied science, and technology....more.
Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering 2010. Topics covered include mechanics, propulsion, guidance and control, electronics and instrumentation, communications, computer science, systems engineering, fabrication and manufacturing, and more....more.
Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics 2nd edition, 2012. A multidisciplinary encyclopedia, written by experts in their fields, both practical and academic, covering historical, contemporary, and practical ethics....more.
English Short Title Catalogue, 1473 - 1800 A comprehensive list of printed documents from the hand-press era, from the earliest printing in England (circa 1473) through 1800. Includes items printed in the British Isles, Colonial America, United States, and Canada....more.
Environment Complete Search international journal/magazine articles for information on agriculture, ecosystem ecology, energy, environmental technology, natural resources, pollution & waste management, urban planning, and more....more.
ERIC (EBSCOhost) 1966-present. A major education database for locating articles, technical reports, policy papers, curriculum guides, lesson plans, research reports, and more about all levels of education....more.
ETHXWeb Search for all aspects of bioethics and professional ethics found in a wide variety of sources such as journal articles, books, bills, laws, court decisions, reports, and audio-visual materials....more.
Europa World Provides detailed country surveys containing the latest analytical, statistical and directory data available for over 250 countries and territories....more.
European Views of the Americas: 1493-1750 Guide to printed records about the Americas written in Europe before 1750. Topics include European exploration, disease outbreaks, slavery, and portrayals of native American peoples....more.
Fastcase Quickly locate federal and state cases, statutes, regulations, court rules, and constitutions....more.
Films on Demand Streaming video service for selected educational films from Films Media Group....more.
Foundation Stats This online tool provides free and open access to data on U.S. grant-making entities....more.
Fuente Academica Search almost 500 publications from Latin America, Spain, and Portugal. Topics covered include agriculture, biological sciences, economics, history, law, literature, psychology, public administration, religion, and more....more.
Gale Literary Sources Use this platform to cross-search all of SLU’s Gale literary databases and eBook titles. Research authors, their works, and literary movements and access full-text literary works, journal articles, literature criticism, and reviews. ...more.
Gale Primary Sources Experience Gale Literary Sources, the search platform that allows searching many Gale digital collections together such as NCCO, ECCO, The Times Digital Archive, and The Making of Modern Law....more.
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL) A growing collection of reference books that are searchable together or title by title. Subjects include history, philosophy, religion, science, business, careers, literature, law, medicine, education, and more....more.
Gale's Literary Index Use this index to locate Gale literary reference books that have information on a specific work or author. Pius Library owns many of the sources indexed in print or online....more.
Germania Sacra Digital Germania Sacra is a series of volumes intended to offer a historical/statistical description of the “Church in Germany under the Holy Roman Empire” by presenting source material from archives and libraries related to German dioceses, cathedral chapters, monasteries, parishes, etc. up to the time of their dissolution during the Reformation or through secularization....more.
Global Health This international public health database brings together content from several sources to cover developed and developing countries on topics of concern to public health....more.
Google Scholar Searches abstracts, journal articles, and reprints from many publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories and other sources in a wide variety of disciplines....more.
GovInfo GovInfo is a service of the Government Publishing Office (GPO) to provide free public access to the full text of current and historical official publications from all three branches of the Federal Government. ...more.
Grants.Gov Search and login to apply for grants from the various departments and agencies of the United States government....more.
GreenFILE Search articles from scholarly and general interest periodicals and government documents for connections between agriculture, education, law, health and technology and humans' impact on the environment. ...more.
Health Reform KnowLEDGE Center Provides full-text resources covering health reform laws, regulations, and news for providers, beneficiaries, and employers with expert analysis, comparison charts, forms, checklists, and guidelines....more.
HealthStar/Ovid HealthStar (1966 - Present) Search for information about the business of health care for topics such as hospitals, patient outcomes evaluation, health policy, health insurance, health technology, and health administration for the dates indicated....more.
HealthStar/Ovid HealthStar (1966-1998) Search for information about the business of health care for topics such as hospitals, patient outcomes evaluation, health policy, health insurance, health technology, and health administration for the dates indicated....more.
HealthStar/Ovid HealthStar (1999 - Present) Search for information about the business of health care for topics such as hospitals, patient outcomes evaluation, health policy, health insurance, health technology, and health administration for the dates indicated....more.
Humanities International Complete 1980s-present. Search indexing and abstracts for over 2,800 humanities-related journals, books, and reference sources along with the full text for over 1,800 titles....more.
IBISWorld Academic Provides industry analysis with access to industry and company research reports for more than 700 United States industries. Includes Industry Risk Rating Reports and Economic & Demographic Profiles....more.
ICPSR Repository of social science data sets for research and instruction. Disciplines represented include political science, sociology, economics, history, education, gerontology, criminal justice, public health, foreign policy, and law....more.
IEEE Xplore Digital Library Search the premier database for research in electrical engineering, electronics, computer science and related disciplines for articles, proceedings, and standards....more.
In Principio In Principio is an index of approximately 1,000,000 incipits (first few words of text) of Medieval and Renaissance Latin manuscripts....more.
InCites Journal Citation Reports 2005-current. IJCR allows evaluation and comparison of over 10,800 journals in science, technology, and the social sciences with respect to their importance in specific disciplines....more.
Incunabula Short Title Catalogue Provides a record for almost every item printed from movable type before 1501. Does not include materials printed entirely from wood blocks or engraved plates....more.
Index of Medieval Art Images and descriptive data relating to works of art produced between early apostolic times and the sixteenth century....more.
Index Religiosus Search hundreds of thousands of bibliographic records for books, articles, and book reviews written in major European languages covering theology, church history, and religious studies....more.
Index Theologicus 1991-present. Search thousands of citations from over 600 theology and religion journals along with entries from Festschriften and congress publications. Covers 300+ journals not indexed in ATLA Religion Database....more.
Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals A multilingual index to articles and book reviews appearing in over 500 legal journals published worldwide. Covers public and private international law, comparative and foreign law....more.
Index to Legal Periodicals & Books Full Text 1981-present. Search scholarly articles from over 600 legal periodicals in addition to symposia, jurisdictional surveys, court decisions, legislation, books, book reviews, and more. Courtesy of the Vincent C. Immel Law Library....more.
International Medieval Bibliography (IMB) 1967-present. Indexes articles and review articles from about 4,500 journals, essays from Festschriften, conference proceedings, etc., covering the European Middle Ages (c. 400-1500)....more.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy is a free, open-access resource providing detailed scholarly information on key topics and philosophers in all areas of philosophy....more.
Iter Bibliography Iter indexes secondary source articles about the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700)....more.
Iter Italicum Electronic version of Paul Kristeller's multi-volume listing of "uncatalogued or incompletely catalogued humanistic manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian or other libraries." (text from site 10/10/2018)...more.
JAMA Network Search or browse Journal of the American Medical Association plus 11 additional JAMA journals....more.
JAMAevidence Contains Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, The Rational Clinical Examination: Evidence-Based Clinical Diagnosis, and Care at the Close of Life: Evidence and Experience education guides, PowerPoint slide sets, and more....more.
Journal Citation Reports (JCR) 2005-current. JCR allows evaluation and comparison of over 11,500 journals in science, technology, and the social sciences with respect to their importance in specific disciplines....more.
Journals@Ovid Indexes and abstracts all Journals@Ovid. View tables of contents and abstracts for each. Full text is available for journals found in Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Total Access Collection plus some individually selected titles....more.
JSTOR This primarily archival journal resource and current scholarship program journals provide access to full-text of approximately 1200 unique journal titles....more.
Kanopy On-demand streaming video service for educational institutions....more.
L'Année philologique Search the digital version of all volumes of the annual index for the print L'Annee philologique for scholarly works that relate to all aspects of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations....more.
LearningExpress Library Includes tutorials, practice tests, and ebooks for academic, career, citizenship, and placement tests such as the GMAT, GRE, LSAT, MAT, MCAT, PCAT, ASVAB, and TOEFL. Personal account creation required....more.
Lexicons of Early Modern English: LEME Surviving monolingual, bilingual, and polyglot dictionaries, lexical encyclopedias, hard-word glossaries, spelling lists, and lexically-valuable treatises from the Tudor, Stuart, Caroline, Commonwealth, and Restoration periods....more.
LexisNexis for Law Students A legal database containing federal and state cases, statutes, regulations, international materials, and a variety of secondary resources. Law Students only. ...more.
Library of Latin Texts - Series A Contains a diverse range of Latin works from Antiquity, the Church fathers, and the medieval and modern periods. Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Library of Latin Texts - Series B Contains Latin texts of all genres and all periods. The data are therefore very diverse. Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Literature Criticism Online Locate literary criticism and some author biographical information by searching across nine major Gale-Cengage Literary Criticism sets....more.
Literature Resource Center Find up-to-date biographical information, overviews, full-text literary criticism and reviews on nearly 130,000 writers in all disciplines, from all time periods and from around the world. ...more.
LitFinder Literary works and secondary-source materials covering world literature and authors throughout history. ...more.
LLMC Digital Collections Consists of digitized law materials from the Legislative, Judicial, and Executive Branches of the U.S. government, military law, some state law, and some common law abroad....more.
Making of Modern Law: Trials, 1600-1926 Provides trial books from many countries and in many languages although most are in English and published in Great Britain or the U.S. The content describes courtroom dramas that scandalized society....more.
MAS Ultra - School Edition Teacher and High School Student Resource. 1975-present. Indexes and abstracts almost 600 periodicals for high school students as well as primary source documents, some reference books, and an image collection....more.
MasterFILE Premier 1975-present. Search indexing, abstracts, and some full text for over 2,600 periodicals targeted to public library users. Also includes photographs, maps, flags, primary source documents, and some full-text books....more.
MathSciNet Early 1800s to present. This database is the online version of Mathematical Reviews plus more. It searches books, book chapters, journal articles, and proceedings and provides author and journal citation information....more.
MEDLINE (EBSCOhost) 1946-present. Search citations from over 5,600 biomedical journals. Topics covered include medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and pre-medical sciences....more.
MEDLINE® (1946 - 1995) Ovid. Search the international literature on bio-medicine, including allied health fields, communication disorders, biological and physical sciences, and humanities as they relate to medicine and health care for dates given....more.
MEDLINE® (1946 - Present) Ovid. Search the international literature on bio-medicine, including allied health fields, communication disorders, biological and physical sciences, and humanities as they relate to medicine and health care for dates given....more.
MEDLINE® (1996 - Present) Ovid. Search the international literature on bio-medicine, including allied health fields, communication disorders, biological and physical sciences, and humanities as they relate to medicine and health care for dates given....more.
MEDLINE® In-Process Ovid. The National Library of Medicine's in-process database for MEDLINE. It provides basic information and abstracts for journal articles or other items before they are assigned MeSH heading(s)....more.
MedlinePlus Find high quality health information from reliable sources in English and Spanish for over 900 diseases along with a medical encyclopedia; a medical dictionary; prescription and nonprescription drugs; and more....more.
Mental Measurements Yearbook with Tests in Print This combined database is an essential resource for test reviews from the 1st edition to present in MMY along with current availability information for publishers' tests in TIP. There are 4 simultaneous users for this database....more.
Mergent Archives Current company information, annual reports, company financials, a PDF archive of the Moody, now MERGENT Corporate and Municipal Manuals along with Industry Reports, and more....more.
MERGENT BondViewer Includes data consisting of Ratings, Historical Prices, and Portfolio Tracking for Corporate Bonds, Municipal Bonds, and Retail Notes. Corporate Bonds and Retail Notes also provide the Offering Documents....more.
MERGENT Online Contains 15 years of historical and financial information as reported by the companies for over 15,000 U.S. public companies and for approximately 17,000 non-United States-based companies from over 100 countries....more.
Middle Search Plus Teacher and Middle School Resource. Search over 160 full-text periodicals; thousands of photographs, maps, and flags; full-text biographies; and primary source documents on typical middle school topics....more.
Milton: A Bibliography "A listing of all manuscripts and editions of Milton's works, all studies and critical statements of Milton's life and works, and allusions, quotations, and significant imitations." (text from site)...more.
Missouri State Publications A collection of selected Missouri State Government Agency publications contributed to the Internet Archives, which serves as a secure access site for online versions of Missouri State government publications....more.
MLA Directory of Periodicals (EBSCO) This directory lists information for over 6,000 journals and book series indexed by the MLA International Bibliography that covers literature, linguistics, and folklore....more.
MLA International Bibliography (EBSCO) Search titles and indexing for books, book chapters, dissertations and articles from over 6,000 journals and book series in language, linguistics, literature, and folklore....more.
MLA International Bibliography (Gale) Indexes journal articles, books, dissertations, and scholarly Web sites in academic disciplines such as language, literature, folklore, linguistics, literary theory and criticism, and the dramatic arts. ...more.
MOBIUS Union Catalog Search for books across most of the academic, research, and some public, libraries in Missouri. Use the "Request" feature to have the book(s) you need delivered to a MOBIUS library of your choice....more.
Monumenta Germaniae Historica Online "A [growing] corpus of historical works, charters, legal texts, letters, political texts, and literature from the European Middle Ages." (subtitle of database) Part of Brepolis Latin Complete, which has 3 simultaneous users....more.
MRI University Internet Reporter Consists of marketing data, collected from more than 22,000 households, which is projected to the general population. Click the "more" link to get access instructions....more.
My NCBI (Sign Into NCBI) Use this link to sign into My NCBI account from off campus to search and save results from PubMed and related NCBI databases....more.
MyiLibrary This ebook collection currently contains approximately 100 books in science and medicine and 10-15 titles in history and the social sciences....more.
NAACP Papers 1909-1972. Search this digitized collection from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) containing internal memos, legal briefings, letters, and direct action summaries from national, legal, and branch offices throughout the country....more.
NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS) The NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS) provides access to aerospace-related citations (NACA & NASA), full-text online documents, and images & videos (NIX)....more.
Nature Journals January 1997-present. Access to Nature and many of its related publications....more.
Naxos Music Library Listen to streaming audio music from thousands of CDs with over one million tracks and growing monthly. Genres include Classical, World/Folk, Contemporary Instrumental, Classic Rock, Nostalgia music, Chinese Music and Pop/Rock....more.
NCJRS Abstracts Database National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) indexes and abstracts more than 200,000 books, articles, reports and non-print media dealing with a broad spectrum of criminal justice issues....more.
NetAnatomy Provides radiographic, cross-sectional, and gross anatomy images, terminology, and descriptve text for the education of and review by health profession students at all levels....more.
New York Times (Nexis Uni) 1980-present. Search content from the New York Times available in Nexis Uni. It is the paper of record for the United States. Note: You MUST already have accessed Nexis Uni during your current browser session for this link to work....more.
Newspaper Source Search the full text for over 40 national and international newspapers, including The Washington Post and The Times (London) along with selected full text for 330+ U.S. regional newspapers....more.
Nexis Uni Formerly LexisNexis Academic, Nexis Uni provides access to full-text of local, national, and international news sources; business, financial, and company information; legal sources for state and federal levels....more.
Nineteenth Century Collections Online Collection of primary source materials created during the "long nineteenth century" (late 1700s to early 1900s). Includes books, periodicals, diaries, letters, photographs, maps, sheet music, and more....more.
Nineteenth Century U.S. Newspapers Provides access to approximately 1.7 million pages (over 28 million articles) of primary source newspapers published in the 19th century, which include newspapers from cities and rural areas throughout the United States....more.
NTIS' National Technical Reports Library Search scientific, technical, engineering, and business-related research reports sponsored by the U.S. government and international sources but carried out by research centers, universities, and organizations....more.
NYSE Trade and Quote Database (TAQ) 2001-present, daily data from 2014 forward. Available via WRDS, the TAQ database contains intraday transactions data (trades and quotes) for all securities listed on various exchanges....more.
OAIster (Digital Resources) This is a Union Catalog of digital resources from open archive collections. Includes materials of all types from institutions' digital projects that are freely available on the Web....more.
OECD iLibrary SLU not does not subscribe, but all book and journal content is available to read online by clicking the READ icon....more.
OLDMEDLINE® Produced by the U.S. National Library of Medicine, this database consists of bibliographic records originally published in the print Index Medicus, from 1948-1965....more.
OMMBID Online access to the book The Online Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Diseases (OMMBID)....more.
Open Access Dissertations & Theses Currently indexes over 1.6 million open access dissertations and theses from over 800 colleges, universities, and research institutions worldwide. Full text is available via a link in each record....more.
Opposing Viewpoints in Context Provides pro-con resources for topics in the media by including the Opposing Viewpoints book series; journal, magazine, and newspaper articles; statistics; and more....more.
OT Search: The Occupational Therapy Bibliographic System Brings together materials about occupational therapy in addition to materials related to occupational therapy from fields such as rehabilitation, education, health care delivery and administration, and psychology. Available only on the Medical Center Campus and remotely....more.
OT Seeker (Occupational Therapy) Search abstracts of systematic reviews and randomised controlled trials relevant to occupational therapy. Clinical trials are rated using the PEDro scale....more.
Oxford Art Online Search the online counterpart of the 34-volume Dictionary of Art (1996). To see other reference works included, click the "more" link. This database has 4-5 simultaneous users.....more.
Oxford Bibliographies (Selected) Each of the four bibliographies available has a minimum of 50 articles on various themes and topics in that field to provide an authoritative guide to the literature....more.
Oxford Bibliographies: American Literature Contains 130 articles on various themes and topics in American literature, each written by a scholar in the field to provide reliable, selective, and authoritative resources to help locate the best sources in that area....more.
Oxford Bibliographies: British and Irish Literature Contains almost 110 articles on various themes and topics in British and Irish literature, each written by a scholar in the field to provide reliable, selective, and authoritative resources to help locate the best sources in that area....more.
Oxford Bibliographies: Education Contains almost 150 articles on various themes and topics in education, each written by a scholar in the field to provide reliable, selective, and authoritative resources to help locate the best sources in that area....more.
Oxford Bibliographies: Medieval Studies Contains almost 190 articles on various themes and topics in medieval studies, each written by a scholar in the field to provide reliable, selective, and authoritative resources to help locate the best sources in that area....more.
Oxford Companion to the Earth Covers all aspects of geology including climatology, mineralogy, and oceanography in addition to dinosaur hunters, fossils, and biographies of key people....more.
Oxford Dictionaries Online Provides access to Oxford's unabridged bilingual dictionaries in French, Spanish, German, Italian, Chinese, and Russian. Note: This database has 2-3 simultaneous users....more.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) Locate biographies with images (in some cases) of deceased persons worldwide who helped shape British history and culture from the fourth century BC to 2012. Note: This database has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Oxford Music Online Search several music reference sources from Oxford for information about jazz, opera, American music, and more. Note: This database has 3 simultaneous users....more.
Oxford Reference Search Quick Reference, Reference Library, Western Civilization, and Literature Collection sources. Includes many Oxford Companion to... volumes. This database has 3-5 simultaneous users....more.
Oxford University Press Journals Search across all of Oxford University Press journals. Full text access is available for the titles to which Saint Louis University subscribes, primarily 1996 to present....more.
PAIS Index This database indexes journal articles, conference proceedings, book chapters and more on political science, public administration, economics, law, and topics that are or may become subjects of legislation....more.
Parker Library on the Web Consists of manuscripts relating to Anglo-Saxon England that were collected by Matthew Parker during his lifetime (1504-75) and now housed at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge....more.
Past Masters (Intelex) From InteLex. The following authors' works are available to SLU: Abelard, Anselm, Ockham, Peirce, and Scotus....more.
Patrologia Latina Database A vast compilation of patristic and medieval Latin literature comprising the works of the Church Fathers as found in the first edition of Jacques-Paul Migne's Patrologia Latina....more.
PDQ® - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database Physician Data Query is a comprehensive cancer database containing peer-reviewed summaries on cancer treatment, screening, prevention, genetics, supportive care, and complementary & alternative medicine....more.
Periodicals Archive Online (PAO) 19th cent. (start date varies by title)-2000. This database complements Periodicals Index Online by providing full text for many journals in the humanities and social sciences indexed in PIO....more.
Periodicals Index Online (PIO) 1665-2005. Provides indexing for magazines and journals back to 1665. This database pairs with Periodicals Archive Online (PAO) for its available full text in the social sciences and humanities....more.
Philosopher's Index Indexes and partially abstracts journal articles drawn from over 1,600 journals and book reviews, essays from books, and monographs in philosophy and related fields....more.
PhilPapers: Philosophical Research Online Search a "comprehensive index of the research literature in philosophy" with coverage of many sources not indexed in Philosophers' Index "including journals, books, personal pages, and open access archives." (text from site)...more.
PLI Discover Plus Search books in the form of authoritative treatises, course handbooks, and answer books; program transcripts from PLI sessions; and legal forms. Courtesy of the Vincent C. Immel Law Library....more.
POLITICO Pro POLITICO Pro offers granular reporting and analysis across 16 policy coverage areas along with tools, trackers, and data to provide key policy intelligence. Courtesy of the Vincent C. Immel Law Library....more.
Population Index Search an annotated bibliography of books, journal articles, working papers, and other materials on population topics from 1986-2000. No longer updated....more.
Primary Search Teacher and Elementary Student Resource. Search full text for over 80 magazines in addition to an encyclopedia, a children's dictionary, and over a million images including photographs, maps, and flags....more.
PrimateLit 1940-2010. This freely available database indexes the scientific literature on nonhuman primates covering subject areas such as behavior, ecology, reproduction, zoogeography, and more....more.
PrivCo Provides business and financial research on non-publicly traded (private) corporations in the US and internationally....more.
Project Muse Full-text access to hundreds of scholarly journals and open access ebooks from over 200 university and not-for-profit presses primarily in humanities and social sciences with some science, technology, and math....more.
proposalCENTRAL Lists various private agency funding opportunities. Individual registration is required....more.
ProQuest Congressional Congressional materials indexed (including selected full text) include all types of U.S. legislative information such as Congressional Hearings (1824-present) and Congressional Research Services (CRS) Reports....more.
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global 1637-present. Replaces PQ Dissertations & Theses Full Text by adding a growing collection of dissertations and masters theses from international universities and associations. Full text is primarily 1996-present with some earlier....more.
ProQuest Historical Newspapers Search across all of SLU's subscribed ProQuest Historical Newspapers: Chicago Tribune, Chicago Defender, New York Times, and St. Louis Post-Dispatch....more.
ProQuest Legislative Insight Provides comprehensive legislative histories for U.S. Public Laws consisting of searchable PDFs of the law itself, all versions of related bills, Congressional Record excerpts, committee hearings, reports, prints, and more for each law....more.
ProQuest Regulatory Insight 1936-2016 when complete. Initially includes 2001-2015 for regulatory histories associated with public laws, executive orders, and departments and agencies....more.
PsycARTICLES (EBSCOhost) Search the full-text of all American Psychological Association and affiliated journals from their initial volumes to the present. ...more.
PsycCRITIQUES PsycCRITQUES contains an archived collection of full-text reviews of books in psychology and the social sciences, as well as professional videos and popular films from a psychological perspective....more.
PsychiatryOnline Provides the suite of Diagnostic Statistical Manual books in addition to a number psychiatry journals and textbooks....more.
Psychotherapy.net (Streaming video) Provides psychotherapy streaming videos & DVDs for teaching, training, and self-study that are useful for social work, clinical family therapy, psychiatric nursing, and clinical psychology....more.
PsycINFO (1967 - Present) Search the index and abstracts in this database for the professional and academic literature of psychology and related disciplines for the date range indicated....more.
PsycINFO (1987 - Present) Search the index and abstracts in this database for the professional and academic literature of psychology and related disciplines for the date range indicated....more.
PsycINFO (Pre - 1967) Search the index and abstracts in this database for the professional and academic literature of psychology and related disciplines for the date range indicated....more.
Public Affairs Index Search indexing and abstracts for public affairs topics such as banking & public finance, criminal justice, education, emigration & immigration, environment, natural disasters, poverty, and politics & elections....more.
PubMed 1809-present.The definitive database for medical research and drug studies provided by the National Center for Biotechnology Information....more.
PubMed Dietary Supplement Subset Bibliographic Information on Dietary Supplements (IBIDS) is now a subset of PubMed. The scope includes the use and function of vitamin, mineral, phytochemical, botanical, and herbal supplements in human nutrition....more.
Regional Business News Indexes over 200 publications containing regional business information for the United States and Canada. Resources include newspapers, radio & TV news transcripts, trade publications, magazines and newswires....more.
REHABDATA Database The leading database on disability and rehabilitation. Search over 80,000 articles, reports, and papers covering physical, mental, and psychiatric disabilities, independent living, vocational rehabilitation, and more....more.
Renaissance Cultural Crossroads Catalogue 1473-1640. Find all translations of books out of and into all languages printed in England, Scotland, and Ireland and all translations out of all languages into a British language, printed abroad for dates listed....more.
Research In Ministry (RIM) Search DMin projects on all areas of pastoral theology from over 100 theology schools accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada....more.
RMA eStatement Studies Provides Financial Ratio Benchmarks, Industry Default Probabilities, and Cash Flow Measures by industry....more.
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Search over 2,700 articles from Medieval philosophy to Postmodernism, and from Aesthetics to the Philosophy of biology. This encyclopedia covers a vast array of philosophical topics as well as topics related to philosophy....more.
Sage Handbook of Social Work Provides the theory, method, and values of social work. Each contributor offers a critical analysis of his/her area of expertise, providing a look at the condition of social work today and in the future. ...more.
SAGE Knowledge Currently consists of 173 encyclopedias, handbooks, and dictionaries with copyright dates of 2007 through 2014. Subjects covered are primarily in the social sciences with some health-related topics....more.
Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials 12th edition. A primary source for information needed to evaluate the hazardous potential of substances used in commerce such as data on toxicology, flammability, reactivity, explosive potential, and regulatory information....more.
Science Citation Index Expanded 1990-present. Provides author and subject indexing for articles published worldwide in science journals. It supports citation indexing. Part of Web of Science....more.
Science Magazine Full- text for most articles in Science Magazine from 1997 to the present in addition to science news and topics. Site also has links for Science Signaling and Science Translation Medicine....more.
Science Reference Center Locate full-text, science-oriented content and images from hundreds of periodicals, science encyclopedias, and reference books on topics such as biology, chemistry, earth science, aviation, the environment, physics, and more....more.
Slave Narratives Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writer's Project, 1936-1938, contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery and 500 black-and-while photographs of former slaves collected in the 1930s...more.
SLUth - Search Plus A multi-disciplinary "one-search" discovery search tool covering over 50 databases, the SLU Library Catalog, and journal content from multiple publishers....more.
Social Explorer Provides easy mapping and report creation functions for U.S. Census data on population and housing, as well as statistics on religion, crime, health; census data from Canada and the UK; and European Union sttistics....more.
Social Science Research Network (SSRN) An open access digital repository for eprint scholarly working papers with a number of research networks. Search the Abstract Database or browse by network such as law, business, humanities, and more....more.
Social Sciences Citation Index 1990-present. Search by topic in peer-reviewed social science journals or do a cited reference search by cited author, cited article, and more. One of three databases that make up Web of Science....more.
Social Services Abstracts Indexes and abstracts articles from over 1,400 journals and magazines in the social services in addition to social work dissertations....more.
Social Work Abstracts Indexes and abstracts articles in over 850 social work and related human services journals as well as books and dissertations. This database has 8 simultaneous users....more.
Sociological Abstracts 1952-present. Abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related social and behavioral science disciplines. Covers journals, book, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers....more.
SportDiscus with Full Text Search the primary database for information on sport, sports medicine, physical education, coaching, sport administration, sport law & legislation, and more. This database has 1 simultaneous user....more.
Springer Nature | Experiments: Springer Protocols Moved to Springer Nature | Experiments in July 2018. Search for laboratory protocols in the life and biomedical sciences from book series such as Methods in Molecular Biology and Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology in addition to the Springer Protocol Handbooks....more.
SpringerLINK Journals Search or browse over 2,200 journal titles from 1997 to present. Subject include the sciences, engineering, medicine, social sciences, and some humanities....more.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Nexis Uni) 1989-present. Access to articles in Nexis Uni for local and regional news. For late-breaking news and articles available only on their Web site go the St. Louis Post- Dispatch Note: You MUST have logged into Nexis Uni database during your current browser session BEFORE clicking on this St. Louis Post-Dispatch link....more.
Standard & Poor's Global NetAdvantage This database provides access to Standard & Poors publications and resources such as Stock Reports, Market Snapshots, and the Daily Stock Price Record for NASDAQ, American, and New York stock exchanges....more.
STAT!Ref Contains drug guides, lab test manuals, ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes, medical dictionaries, other reference ebooks, BoardVitals for nursing, a board test prep resource, and more....more.
Statista Statista is a statistics portal that integrates data on media, business, politics, education, technology and a wide variety of other areas of interest or markets on over 80,000 topics from 18,000 sources....more.
Superconductivity Papers Database From AIST and ISTEC in Japan, this database indexes articles on superconductivity appearing after the beginning of high Tc (1987) in almost 60 scientific journals and organic conductors back to the 1970s....more.
Supreme Court of the United States Includes opinions of the Supreme Court (U.S. Reports) going back to 1991 in addition to historical information about the court and its justices from 1789 to present and information for visitors....more.
The Times Digital Archive 1785-1985. Search the first 200 years of The Times (London) and display and print page images of individual articles or an entire page....more.
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae Full-text database of classical, patristic, and Medieval Greek literature. As of 1/4/2016, registration for a personal login is required for on- and off-campus access....more.
Thomson Reuters Checkpoint Includes the law, analysis, and commentary on the rules dealing with retirement plans, non-pension employee benefits, and executive compensation. Also provides access to federal, state, and some international tax materials.
TOXNET Search across all government databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic releases....more.
TradeLawGuide Provides access to WTO law including agreements, rules of interpretation, instruments and dispute settlement body minutes. Also includes attorney prepared case Commentaries on recent WTO cases and features a citator that collects all jurisprudence under a treaty provision for the WTO system. ...more.
TRID: The TRIS and ITRD Database TRID combines the US Transportation Research Information Services database with the worldwide International Transport Research Documentation database to locate transportation information....more.
TRIP Database (Turning Research Into Practice) Turning Research into Practice helps practitioners answer clinical questions by providing a place where health professionals can find high-quality material on the web to help support evidence-based practice....more.
UNdata: A World of Information Varies by data set. One stop for statistics provided by the United Nations. It includes time-series data and more for approximately 200 countries on many topics....more.
United Nations Library Catalog Search the online catalog at the United Nations for references to United Nations documents and publications along with other items housed at the United Nations' library....more.
University of Chicago Journals Lists most of the journals published by the University of Chicago Press which are accessed through JSTOR. Searching from this site results in searching all of JSTOR....more.
Vetus Latina Database This database is a collection of several hundred thousand citations of Old Latin (pre-Vulgate) versions of the Bible taken from patristic writings and initially recorded on file cards in the late 19th century....more.
Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition) 1984-present. Search "the financial newspaper of record" that "offers in-depth coverage of national and international finance as well as first rate coverage of hard news." (text from site)...more.
Washington Post (Nexis Uni) 1977-present. Search just the Washington Post in Nexis Uni. . Note: You MUST have logged into the Nexis Uni database during your current browser session BEFORE clicking on this Washington Post link....more.
Web of Science 1990-present. Brings together Arts & Humanities Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index, and Science Citation Index Expanded. Search thousands of research journals by topic or do a Cited Reference search....more.
Westlaw for Law Students A major online legal research service with access to statutes, court cases, and other legal resources.
SLU Law Students only. Individual username & password required....more.
WHO IRIS IRIS is the World Health Organization's Institutional Repository for Information Sharing. Search all WHO publications or limit to one of the regional offices....more.
Wiley Online Library Browse or search across over 1,000 journal titles generally from 1996 or 1997 to present and several online encyclopedias covering life science, management, and some technology....more.
Women's Studies International This combined women's studies database covers sociology, history, political science & economy, public policy, international relations, arts & humanities, business, and education as related to women's issues....more.
World DataBank 1960-present. Provides access to all data from the World Bank allowing you to analyze and visualize selected data from a variety of times series. Includes World Development Indicators and much more....more.
WorldCat (FirstSearch) Search all types of library materials cataloged by libraries that provide records to OCLC, the U.S. national database, using advanced searching techniques to locate books, recordings, videos, websites, etc. ...more.
WorldCat (WorldCat.org) 1200-present. The freely available and simple search site to locate books and other materials in a library near you....more.
Worldwide Political Science Abstracts 1975-present. Find articles covering international issues in political science and related fields such as international relations, law, public administration, and public policy....more.
WRDS (Wharton Research Data Services) Access CRSP, CRSP Annual Indexes, Compustat, CRSP/Compustat Merged, NYSE TAQ, Audit Analytics Audit and Compliance, and Mergent FISD Database. SLU Faculty, PhD students and full-time MBA students are eligible for individual accounts....more.